Pax Nordica 2016
– What's happening to Arctic security?

Global security issues have undergone a steady change in the 2010s. Seemingly stable unions such as the EU and NATO are under tremendous political and economic pressure.

Pax Nordica 2016.Adding to the pressure, the steady stream of immigrants is also challenging social cohesion in many countries. Great powers are redefining their geopolitical interests. Looking at the map, Northern Europe and the Arctic appear remote from the most burning problems. In reality, however, the map lies. If anything, the paths taken in the North are closely linked with the problems and conflicts that arise in other parts of the World.

See the entire programme below

Which are the crucial Northern European security policy conflicts at present? Is the Arctic an area of ease and friendly coexistence between peoples and states, or is a change underway? In that case, what are the most evident motives behind such a development?

Specific topics that will be covered this year:

  • Can geopolitics contribute to our understanding of Arctic security?
  • Will access to natural resources increase in the competition between countries?
  • Which view do the Swedish Armed Forces stake on the Arctic?
  • What are Russia’s interest in the Arctic?
  • Which attitudes are characteristic among the Nordic countries?

Welcome to Pax Nordica 2016

What is happening to Arctic security? We are looking forward to an afternoon with knowledgeable lecturers, vivid discussions and fruitful debate. Presentations are held in Swedish or English, please see programme for more information.

Programme – Thursday 21 April 2016

Location: Humanities Building, Lecture Hall E
Moderator: Alf Molin, Allmänna Försvarsföreningen in Västerbotten

13:00  Pro-Vice-Chancellor Anders Fällström opens Pax Nordica 2016 (in Swedish)

13:10–13:35  PhD Lize-Marie van der Watt, Arcum, Umeå University:
Geopolitics as a key to understanding the Arctic (in English)

13:35–13:55  Prof.em. Marian Radetzki, Luleå University of Technology:
Arctic energy and minerals – impressive resource base but bleak prospects (in Swedish)

14:00–14:25  Counter admiral Jonas Haggren, the Swedish Armed Forces:
Försvarsmaktens syn på närområdet och förhållningssätt till den arktiska regionen
The Swedish Armed Forces’ outlook on the neighbouring region and the attitude towards the Arctic (in Swedish)

14:25–14:45  Coffee break

14:45–15:05  PhD Nadezhda Filimonova, St. Petersburg University:
Russia’s interests in the Arctic (in English)

15:10–15:30  Researcher Louise Simonsson, Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI):
De nordiska länderna och den arktiska säkerheten
The Nordic countries and the Arctic security (in Swedish)

15:35–16:15  Panel debate with moderator Niklas Eklund (in Swedish and English)

16:15–  Mingling (Allmänna Försvarsföreningen)

What is Pax Nordica?

Pax Nordica is an annual forum for information and debate with the objective to spread and increase knowledge on security issues in a broad sense. Since 1994, Pax Nordica has organised events as a channel for discussions on security and sustainability in the most northern parts of Europe, something which in various ways affects Sweden.

Pax Nordica is open to the public, participation is free of charge and no prior registration is required. The event is held partly in Swedish, partly in English.


Umeå University, Allmänna Försvarsföreningen in Västerbotten, the Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI), Umeå municipality

Previous events (information mostly in Swedish)

Pax Nordica 2016: What's happening to Arctic security? Pax Nordica 2014: Are there any threats towards peace and stability in Northern Europe?Pax Nordica 2013: Military technology development – threat or promise?Pax Nordica 2012: Threats and new risks in a new period of timePax Nordica 2009: Strategies for peace and security


Niklas Eklund
Department of Political Science

Tel:  +46 90 786 61 72

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