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Balance of Power and Constitutional Enforcement

Congratulations! It is with great pleasure to inform that you have been admitted to the course Balance of Power and Constitutional Enforcement at Umeå University. On this page you will find important information that will be useful, so please read it carefully. If you have any questions, you can use the contact form below. We wish you a warm welcome and hope that you will enjoy your period of studies here in Umeå.

How to start

  • 1. Your offer

    You have been admitted. If you want to keep your place (seat), you do not have to reply to your offer.

    If you do not want to keep your place you should decline your offer by logging in to 'My pages' on, and follow the instructions. You should click "I wish to decline this offer" next to the course or programme you want to decline.

    If you see "Reserve" next to your course or programme in the Notification of selection results, this means that you've been placed on a waiting list for that course/programme.

    Support for students with disabilities

    If you are in need of special support due to disability, you should apply for that in good time before you start your studies. Find more information about support for studying with disabilities.

  • 2. Register on the course

    In order to start your studies at the course, you need to register for the course on the Student Website between the 10th of Janaury and the 18th of January. Otherwise you risk losing your place (seat) at the course. You also need to be registered to be able to follow the course and to get your results recorded during the course.

    Information how to use the student web.

    The course introduction is Monday January 17th, 2022, at 13.15 (quarter past 1 in the afternoon) in room s305 in the House of Social Science. The course introduction is immediately followed by the first lecture on the course.

  • 3. Course start

    Monday January 17 2022

    Time: 13.15

    Location: s305 in the House of Social Science


About the course

  • Course information

    Course structure and examination

    The course consists of lectures as well as seminars. The seminars are mandatory. The course concludes with a written, take-home exam.

    Teaching, readings, discussions at seminars and the examination will all take place in English.

    The course is the third course on the Master's Programme in Constitutional Law and Human Rights, but may also be taken as an individual elective course.

    Course content

    The course Balance of Power and Constitutional Enforcement is an advanced level course. As follows from the name the course focuses on two of the most central constitutional issues: balance of power and enforcement of constitutional rights, rules and principles. The approach of the course is comparative, and not limited to a single constitutional system. Rather, the course will study the issues, outlined below, by discussing examples from different jurisdictions, with some emphasis on European systems such as the European Union and the Council of Europe.

    Balance of Power includes both vertical (actors on different constitutional levels) and horizontal perspectives (actors on the same constitutional level). The vertical perspective can be applied both within and beyond a nation state. An example of the former is the relationship (i.e. distribution of power and responsibility) between central and regional powers in a unitary state and between the federal and state level in a federation. An example of the latter is the relationship between a nation state and an international organization, such as the EU or the Council of Europe. Similarly, the horizontal perspective can be applied both within and beyond a nation state. Within the state it includes issues such as the division of power and responsibility between the government and the legislator, and beyond the state it includes division of power between bodies in an international organization, for example the powers awarded to the different EU institutions. 

    Constitutional Enforcement concerns the issue of moving from paper to reality, i.e. the legal protection of constitutional rights (including fundamental human rights) by courts and other authorities. In other words, what happens, and what legal action can be taken by what actor, if my constitutional rights are violated? The position and power of the courts as a guardian of constitutional rights is a central aspect of constitutional enforcement, including issues such as judicial independence, judicial review and constitutional interpretation.



New at Umeå University

  • Information due to COVID-19

    From 2 November, most of the previous COVID measures are lifted – welcome back to campus! However, things will not go back to normal straight away. For instance, some parts of your education may still take place online.

    Since the return to campus is planned by those responsible for your education, you will receive more detailed information regarding your studies from your department.

    Summary of things to keep in mind

  • Checklist for admitted students

    Follow this simple list of things to complete your enrolment at Umeå University. It includes: how to secure housing, getting a residence permit (for citizens from outside the EU/EEA and Switzerland), tuition payment (if applicable), travel directions and more.

    To the checklist for admitted Students

  • Recommended arrival times

    International students are recommended to arrive at least a few days before the start of the regular term, preferably prior to the Orientation. If you fail to arrive on time, you have to contact the study counselor as soon as possible, but not later than one week ahead of the course start, or you may not be able to register for the programme.

    If you will have housing through the International Housing Office you will receive information about your arrival in your offer of housing.

    Don't forget - Umeå has cold winters, so pack accordingly with a warm jacket, warm shoes, gloves and hat.

  • Orientation

    Moving to a new country with an unfamiliar language, culture and customs can be a challenge. We would like to help you and ease that challenge so that you can focus on your studies. Therefore, we would like to offer you the possibility to take part in our Orientation, which begins a few days before the start of the term (Autumn) or the same day as the term starts (Spring).

    More about the Orientation this term.

  • Activate your user account

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    • access your student e-mail

    If you are a new student, you will automatically receive a user account when you are admitted, but you will need to activate it for it to function properly. You will not be able to activate it until approximately two weeks prior to the term start.

    I want to learn more about my user account (Umu-id)

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    If you are an exchange student, you will receive information on arrival about how to activate your account.

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    • building access
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    To get the card, you need to apply for it. Here’s how to apply for the UmU card.

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    • Umeå Student Union
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Contact us

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