Use an established metadata standard when you apply a metadata description to research data. There are several different standards to choose from, and some standards are more suitable for a research domain than others. Make sure to use a standard that is widely accepted within your field of research in order to fulfil the FAIR principles.
A metadata standard is a set structure for combining various types of metadata, regulating how it should be used. Usually, the standard is developed in a communal context as a response to a need for a common way to describe a specific type of contents or data. For example, a standard for describing research data and publications within a specific field of research.
Using a metadata standard is a way to make sure that the metadata description will be readable and understandable for both human and machine. It is also intrinsic to fulfilling the principles for making data findable, accessible, interoperable and reusable (FAIR).
A metadata standard is a useful tool for composing a comprehensive metadata description. The standard contains information on how to:
A research project can benefit from the use of proper metadata standards even early on in the process. The metadata standards are adapted to be used in various digital formats, for example in databases and in XML formats. Even if such tools are not used in a research project, the metadata standard can be used as a support for organising your data.
Using a metadata standard during an ongoing project is a way to ensure that the data management is structured and possible to review during the project. It is also a sound preparation for the task of preserving and making data accessible at the finishing stages of the project, or in the intermediate stages when data is solidified between research foci. Upholding such a structure is a way for researchers to make sure that their data is easily at hand and reusable, if needed.
When you submit metadata to the Swedish National Data Service (SND), their service Doris (SND Data Organisation and Information System) contains pre-defined fields for metadata. These fields are based on the metadata standard Data documentation initiative (DDI):
Read more about using SND and DORIS to describe and make available research data:
Describe and share data (SND)
Log in to "My pages" at SND in order to submit data:
Log in (SND)
Find information about the metadata standard used in DORIS and how it relates to requirements from international research data infrastructures:
Review and processing (SND)
Questions about research data registration and metadata? The university library and SND are available for consultation to researchers and others who work with research data in affiliation with Umeå university.
A selection of resources for finding a metadata standard suitable for a specific field of research: