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Publikationer 1998-2003

2003

Hypertension prevalence and blood pressure levels in 6 European countries, Canada, and the United States.
Wolf-Maier K, Cooper RS, Banegas JR, Giampaoli S, Hense HW, Joffres M, Kastarinen M, Poulter N, Primatesta P, Rodriguez-Artalejo F, Stegmayr B, Thamm M, Tuomilehto J, Vanuzzo D, Vescio F.
JAMA. 2003 May 14;289(18):2363-9.

Local and systemic impact of transcriptional up-regulation of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 in adipose tissue in human obesity.
Wake DJ, Rask E, Livingstone DE, Soderberg S, Olsson T, Walker BR.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2003 Aug;88(8):3983-8.

Trends in stroke and coronary heart disease in the WHO MONICA Project.
Truelsen T, Mahonen M, Tolonen H, Asplund K, Bonita R, Vanuzzo D.
Stroke. 2003 Jun;34(6):1346-52.

The events registration and survey procedures in the Northern Sweden MONICA Project.
Stegmayr B, Lundberg V, Asplund K.
Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2003;61:9-17.

Genetic research on blood samples stored for years in biobanks. Most people are willing to provide informed consent.
Stegmayr B, Asplund K.
Läkartidningen.2003 Feb 20;100(8):618-20.

Improved survival after stroke but unchanged risk of incidence.
Stegmayr B, Asplund K.
Läkartidningen. 2003 Oct 30;100(44):3492-8.

Stroke in Northern Sweden.
Stegmayr B, Asplund K.
Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2003;61:60-9.

Plasma leptin and colorectal cancer risk: a prospective study in Northern Sweden.
Stattin P, Palmqvist R, Soderberg S, Biessy C, Ardnor B, Hallmans G, Kaaks R, Olsson T.
Oncol Rep. 2003 Nov-Dec;10(6):2015-21.

High leptin levels are associated with stroke.
Soderberg S, Stegmayr B, Ahlbeck-Glader C, Slunga-Birgander L, Ahren B, Olsson T.
Cerebrovasc Dis.2003;15(1-2):63-9.

Are changes in mortality from stroke caused by changes in stroke event rates or case fatality? Results from the WHO MONICA Project.
Sarti C, Stegmayr B, Tolonen H, Mahonen M, Tuomilehto J, Asplund K.
Stroke. 2003 Aug;34(8):1833-40.

Evolving patterns of tobacco use in northern Sweden.
Rodu B, Stegmayr B, Nasic S, Cole P, Asplund K.
J Intern Med. 2003 Jun;253(6):660-5.

Risk stratification by guidelines compared with risk assessment by risk equations applied to a MONICA sample.
Persson M, Carlberg B, Weinehall L, Nilsson L, Stegmayr B, Lindholm LH.
J Hypertens. 2003 Jun;21(6):1089-95.

Sense of coherence--stability over time and relation to health, disease, and psychosocial changes in a general population: a longitudinal study.
Nilsson B, Holmgren L, Stegmayr B, Westman G.
Scand J Public Health. 2003;31(4):297-304.

The Arctic Oscillation and incidence of acute myocardial infarction.
Messner T, Lundberg V, Wikstrom B.
J Intern Med. 2003 Jun;253(6):666-70.

Cardiovascular risk factor levels differ between communities of different sizes in the Northern Sweden MONICA Project.
Messner T, Lundberg V, Stegmayr B.
Scand J Public Health 2003;31(5):359-66.

Trends in event rates of first and recurrent, fatal and non-fatal acute myocardial infarction, and 28-day case fatality in the Northern Sweden MONICA area 1985-98.
Messner T, Lundberg V, Bostrom S, Huhtasaari F, Wikstrom B.
Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2003;61:51-9.

Trends in sudden cardiac death in the northern Sweden MONICA area 1985-99.
Messner T, Lundberg V.
J Intern Med. 2003 Mar;253(3):320-8.

Silent myocardial infarction in women with impaired glucose tolerance: the Northern Sweden MONICA study.
Lundblad D, Eliasson M.
Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2003 Aug 21;2:9.

Trends in lifestyle 1986-99 in a 25- to 64-year-old population of the Northern Sweden MONICA project.
Lindahl B, Stegmayr B, Johansson I, Weinehall L, Hallmans G.
Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2003;61:31-7.

Interrelationships between plasma testosterone, SHBG, IGF-I, insulin and leptin in prostate cancer cases and controls.
Kaaks R, Lukanova A, Rinaldi S, Biessy C, Soderberg S, Olsson T, Stenman UH, Riboli E, Hallmans G, Stattin P
Eur J Cancer Prev. 2003 Aug;12(4):309-15.

Trends in blood pressure, lipids, lipoproteins and glucose metabolism in the Northern Sweden MONICA project 1986-99.
Jansson JH, Boman K, Messner T.
Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2003;61:43-50.

Psychosocial factors in the Northern Sweden MONICA project.
Janlert U, Holmgren L.
Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2003;61:38-42.

Cardiovascular disease and diabetes in the Northern Sweden Health and Disease Study Cohort - evaluation of risk factors and their interactions.
Hallmans G, Agren A, Johansson G, Johansson A, Stegmayr B, Jansson JH, Lindahl B, Rolandsson O, Soderberg S, Nilsson M, Johansson I, Weinehall L.
Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2003;61:18-24.

Chronic neck pain of traumatic and non-traumatic origin: a population-based study.
Guez M, Hildingsson C, Stegmayr B, Toolanen G.
Acta Orthop Scand. 2003 Oct;74(5):576-9.

Is the current definition for diabetes relevant to mortality risk from all causes and cardiovascular and noncardiovascular diseases?
DECODE Study Group, European Diabetes Epidemiology Group
Diabetes Care. 2003 Mar;26(3):688-96.

MONICA quality assessments.
Eriksson M, Stegmayr B, Lundberg V.
Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2003;61:25-30.

Self-rated ill-health strengthens the effect of biomedical risk factors in predicting stroke, especially for men -- an incident case referent study.
Emmelin M, Weinehall L, Stegmayr B, Dahlgren L, Stenlund H, Wall S.
J Hypertens. 2003 May;21(5):887-96.

High levels of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) antigen precede the development of type 2 diabetes in a longitudinal population study. The Northern Sweden MONICA study.
Eliasson MC, Jansson JH, Lindahl B, Stegmayr B.
Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2003 Dec 22;2:19.

Diabetes and obesity in Northern Sweden: occurrence and risk factors for stroke and myocardial infarction.
Eliasson M, Lindahl B, Lundberg V, Stegmayr B.
Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2003;61:70-7.

The Northern Sweden MONICA project: concluding remarks.
Asplund K, Wall S.
Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2003;61:78-84.

Smokeless tobacco as a possible risk factor for stroke in men: a nested case-control study.
Asplund K, Nasic S, Janlert U, Stegmayr B.
Stroke. 2003 Jul;34(7):1754-9.

Smokeless tobacco and cardiovascular disease.
Asplund K.
Prog Cardiovasc Dis. 2003 Mar-Apr;45(5):383-94.

Use of snuff entails lower risk of cardiovascular diseases than does smoking.
Asplund K.
Läkartidningen. 2003 Jun 19;100(25):2206-10.

Snuff is less dangerous than smoking for the cardiovascular system. Wrong to hide the scientific basis which does not confirm the hypothesis.
Asplund K.
Läkartidningen. 2003 Jul 10;100(28-29):2392-3.

Stroke--risk factors and primary prevention.
Asplund K.
Läkartidningen. 2003 Oct 30;100(44):3500-5.

Is the current definition for diabetes relevant to mortality risk from all causes and cardiovascular and noncardiovascular diseases?
DECODE Study Group, European Diabetes Epidemiology Group.
Diabetes Care. 2003 Mar;26(3):688-96.

Age- and sex-specific prevalences of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation in 13 European cohorts.
DECODE Study Group.
Diabetes Care. 2003 Jan;26(1):61-9.

High levels of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) antigen precede the development of type 2 diabetes in a longitudinal population study. The Northern Sweden MONICA study.
Eliasson MC, Jansson JH, Lindahl B, Stegmayr B.
Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2003 Dec 22;2:19.

Silent myocardial infarction in women with impaired glucose tolerance: the Northern Sweden MONICA study.
Lundblad D, Eliasson M.
Cardiovasc Diabetol. 2003 Aug 21;2:9.

2002

High remaining risk in poorly treated hypertension: the 'rule of halves' still exists.
Weinehall L, Ohgren B, Persson M, Stegmayr B, Boman K, Hallmans G, Lindholm LH.
J Hypertens. 2002 Oct;20(10):2081-8.

Do trends in population levels of blood pressure and other cardiovascular risk factors explain trends in stroke event rates? Comparisons of 15 populations in 9 countries within the WHO MONICA Stroke Project. World Health Organization Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease.
Tolonen H, Mahonen M, Asplund K, Rastenyte D, Kuulasmaa K, Vanuzzo D, Tuomilehto J.
Stroke. 2002 Oct;33(10):2367-75.

Informed consent for genetic research on blood stored for more than a decade: a population based study.
Stegmayr B, Asplund K.
BMJ. 2002 Sep 21;325(7365):634-5.

The association between leptin and proinsulin is lost with central obesity.
Soderberg S, Ahren B, Eliasson M, Dinesen B, Olsson T.
J Intern Med. 2002 Aug;252(2):140-8.

Impact of smokeless tobacco use on smoking in northern Sweden.
Rodu B, Stegmayr B, Nasic S, Asplund K.
J Intern Med. 2002 Nov;252(5):398-404.

Tissue-specific changes in peripheral cortisol metabolism in obese women: increased adipose 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 activity.
Rask E, Walker BR, Soderberg S, Livingstone DE, Eliasson M, Johnson O, Andrew R, Olsson T.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2002 Jul;87(7):3330-6.

1999 WHO/ISH Guidelines applied to a 1999 MONICA sample from northern Sweden.
Persson M, Carlberg B, Mjorndal T, Asplund K, Bohlin J, Lindholm L.
J Hypertens. 2002 Jan;20(1):29-35.

A temperature rise is associated with an increase in the number of acute myocardial infarctions in the subarctic area.
Messner T, Lundberg V, Wikstrom B.
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2002 Aug;61(3):201-7.

No covariation between the geomagnetic activity and the incidence of acute myocardial infarction in the polar area of northern Sweden.
Messner T, Haggstrom I, Sandahl I, Lundberg V.
Int J Biometeorol. 2002 May;46(2):90-4.

Exploring sex differences in case fatality in acute myocardial infarction or coronary death events in the northern Sweden MONICA Project.
Lundberg V, Wikstrom B, Bostrom S, Asplund K.
J Intern Med. 2002 Mar;251(3):235-44.

Nonlinear relationship of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and IGF-I/IGF-binding protein-3 ratio with indices of adiposity and plasma insulin concentrations (Sweden).
Lukanova A, Soderberg S, Stattin P, Palmqvist R, Lundin E, Biessy C, Rinaldi S, Riboli E, Hallmans G, Kaaks R.
Cancer Causes Control. 2002 Aug;13(6):509-16.

Tissue-type plasminogen activator -7,351C/T enhancer polymorphism is associated with a first myocardial infarction.
Ladenvall P, Johansson L, Jansson JH, Jern S, Nilsson TK, Tjarnlund A, Jern C, Boman K.
Thromb Haemost. 2002;87(1):105-9.

Estimation of an errors-in-variables regression model when the variances of the measurement errors vary between the observations.
Kulathinal SB, Kuulasmaa K, Gasbarra D.
Stat Med 2002 Apr 30;21(8):1089-101.

Prospective study of IGF-I, IGF-binding proteins, and breast cancer risk, in northern and southern Sweden.
Kaaks R, Lundin E, Rinaldi S, Manjer J, Biessy C, Soderberg S, Lenner P, Janzon L, Riboli E, Berglund G, Hallmans G.
Cancer Causes Control. 2002 May;13(4):307-16.

Prospective study on soluble thrombomodulin and von Willebrand factor and the risk of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke.
Johansson L, Jansson JH, Boman K, Nilsson TK, Stegmayr B, Hallmans G.
Thromb Haemost. 2002 Feb;87(2):211-7.

No increase in the prevalence of known diabetes between 1986 and 1999 in subjects 25-64 years of age in northern Sweden.
Eliasson M, Lindahl B, Lundberg V, Stegmayr B.
Diabet Med. 2002 Oct;19(10):874-80.

2001

Can a sustainable community intervention reduce the health gap?--10-year evaluation of a Swedish community intervention program for the prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Weinehall L, Hellsten G, Boman K, Hallmans G, Asplund K, Wall S.
Scand J Public Health Suppl. 2001;56:59-68.

Homozygosity for the C677-->T mutation of 5,10- methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase and total plasma homocyst(e) ine are not associated with greater than normal risk of a first myocardial infarction in northern Sweden.
Thogersen AM, Nilsson TK, Dahlen G, Jansson JH, Boman K, Huhtasaari F, Hallmans G.
Coron Artery Dis. 2001;12(2):85-90.

Leptin is associated with increased prostate cancer risk: a nested case-referent study.
Stattin P, Soderberg S, Hallmans G, Bylund A, Kaaks R, Stenman UH, Bergh A, Olsson T.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Mar;86(3):1341-5.

A strong association between biologically active testosterone and leptin in non-obese men and women is lost with increasing (central) adiposity.
Soderberg S, Olsson T, Eliasson M, Johnson O, Brismar K, Carlstrom K, Ahren B.
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2001 Jan;25(1):98-105.

Circulating IGF binding protein-1 is inversely associated with leptin in non-obese men and obese postmenopausal women.
Soderberg S, Ahren B, Eliasson M, Dinesen B, Brismar K, Olsson T.
Eur J Endocrinol. 2001 Mar;144(3):283-90.

Impaired incretin response after a mixed meal is associated with insulin resistance in nondiabetic men.
Rask E, Olsson T, Soderberg S, Johnson O, Seckl J, Holst JJ, Ahren B.
Diabetes Care. 2001 Sep;24(9):1640-5.

Tissue-specific dysregulation of cortisol metabolism in human obesity.
Rask E, Olsson T, Soderberg S, Andrew R, Livingstone DE, Johnson O, Walker BR.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2001 Mar;86(3):1418-21.

Trends in cigarette smoking in 36 populations from the early 1980s to the mid-1990s: findings from the WHO MONICA Project.
Molarius A, Parsons RW, Dobson AJ, Evans A, Fortmann SP, Jamrozik K, Kuulasmaa K, Moltchanov V, Sans S, Tuomilehto J, Puska P.
Am J Public Health. 2001 Feb;91(2):206-12.

Cardiovascular drugs and the risk of death in acute myocardial infarction in northern Sweden MONICA patients.
Messner T, Huhtasaari F.
Int J Circumpolar Health. 2001 Aug;60(3):366-74.

Overweight is associated with lower serum leptin in Peruvian Indian than in Caucasian women: A dissociation contributing to low blood pressure?
Lindgarde F, Soderberg S, Olsson T, Ercilla MB, Correa LR, Ahren B.
Metabolism. 2001 Mar;50(3):325-9.

Large differences in serum leptin levels between nonwesternized and westernized populations: the Kitava study.
Lindeberg S, Soderberg S, Ahren B, Olsson T.
J Intern Med. 2001 Jun;249(6):553-8.

Markers of high fish intake are associated with decreased risk of a first myocardial infarction.
Hallgren CG, Hallmans G, Jansson JH, Marklund SL, Huhtasaari F, Schutz A, Stromberg U, Vessby B, Skerfving S.
Br J Nutr. 2001;86(3):397-404.

Leptin concentrations are increased in subjects treated with clozapine or conventional antipsychotics.
Hagg S, Soderberg S, Ahren B, Olsson T, Mjorndal T.
J Clin Psychiatry. 2001 Nov;62(11):843-8.

Trends in coronary risk factors in the WHO MONICA project.
Evans A, Tolonen H, Hense HW, Ferrario M, Sans S, Kuulasmaa K.
Int J Epidemiol. 2001 Oct;30 Suppl 1:S35-40.

Snuff--how dangerous is it? The controversy continues.
Asplund K.
J Intern Med. 2001 Dec;250(6):457-61.

Circulating IGF binding protein-1 is inversely associated with leptin in non-obese men and obese postmenopausal women.
Söderberg S, Ahrén B, Eliasson M, Dinesen B, Brismar K, Olsson T.
Eur J Endocrinol. 2001 Mar;144(3):283-90.

A strong association between biologically active testosterone and leptin in non-obese men and women is lost with increasing (central) adiposity.
Söderberg S, Olsson T, Eliasson M, Johnson O, Brismar K, Carlström K, Ahrén B.
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2001 Jan;25(1):98-105.

2000

Independent effects of obesity and cortisol in predicting cardiovascular risk factors in men and women.
Walker BR, Soderberg S, Lindahl B, Olsson T.
J Intern Med. 2000 Feb;247(2):198-204.

Estimation of contribution of changes in coronary care to improving survival, event rates, and coronary heart disease mortality across the WHO MONICA Project populations.
Tunstall-Pedoe H, Vanuzzo D, Hobbs M, Mahonen M, Cepaitis Z, Kuulasmaa K, Keil U.
Lancet. 2000 Feb 26;355(9205):688-700.

Widening gap of stroke between east and west. Eight-year trends in occurrence and risk factors in Russia and Sweden.
Stegmayr B, Vinogradova T, Malyutina S, Peltonen M, Nikitin Y, Asplund K.
Stroke. 2000 Jan;31(1):2-8.

Social patterning of myocardial infarction and stroke in Sweden: incidence and survival.
Peltonen M, Rosen M, Lundberg V, Asplund K
Am J Epidemiol 2000 Feb 1;151(3):283-92.

Marked improvement in survival after acute myocardial infarction in middle-aged men but not in women.
The Northern Sweden MONICA study 1985-94.
Peltonen M, Lundberg V, Huhtasaari F, Asplund K.
J Intern Med. 2000 May;247(5):579-87.

What else adds to hypertension in predicting stroke?
An incident case-referent study.
Ohgren B, Weinehall L, Stegmayr B, Boman K, Hallmans G, Wall S.
J Intern Med. 2000 Dec;248(6):475-82.

Educational level, relative body weight, and changes in their association over 10 years: an international perspective from the WHO MONICA Project.
Molarius A, Seidell JC, Sans S, Tuomilehto J, Kuulasmaa K.
Am J Public Health. 2000 Aug;90(8):1260-8.

Three-year survival and functional outcome of patients with idiopathic adult hydrocephalus syndrome.
Malm J, Kristensen B, Stegmayr B, Fagerlund M, Koskinen LO.
Neurology. 2000 Aug 22;55(4):576-8.

High proinsulin levels precede first-ever stroke in a nondiabetic population.
Lindahl B, Dinesen B, Eliasson M, Roder M, Hallmans G, Stegmayr B.
Stroke.High 2000 Dec;31(12):2936-41.

Estimation of contribution of changes in classic risk factors to trends in coronary-event rates across the WHO MONICA Project populations.
Kuulasmaa K, Tunstall-Pedoe H, Dobson A, Fortmann S, Sans S, Tolonen H, Evans A, Ferrario M, Tuomilehto J.
Lancet. 2000 Feb 26;355(9205):675-87.

Tissue plasminogen activator, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, and tissue plasminogen activator/plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 complex as risk factors for the development of a first stroke.
Johansson L, Jansson JH, Boman K, Nilsson TK, Stegmayr B, Hallmans G.
Stroke. 2000 Jan;31(1):26-32.

A multinational comparison of subarachnoid hemorrhage epidemiology in the WHO MONICA stroke study.
Ingall T, Asplund K, Mahonen M, Bonita R.
Stroke.2000 May;31(5):1054-61.

Anticardiolipin antibodies are not an independent risk factor for stroke: an incident case-referent study nested within the MONICA and Vasterbotten cohort project.
Ahmed E, Stegmayr B, Trifunovic J, Weinehall L, Hallmans G, Lefvert AK.
Stroke. 2000 Jun;31(6):1289-93.

1999

Contribution of trends in survival and coronary-event rates to changes in coronary heart disease mortality: 10-year results from 37 WHO MONICA project populations. Monitoring trends and determinants in cardiovascular disease.
Tunstall-Pedoe H, Kuulasmaa K, Mahonen M, Tolonen H, Ruokokoski E, Amouyel P.
Lancet. 1999 May 8;353(9164):1547-57.

Stroke units in their natural habitat: can results of randomized trials be reproduced in routine clinical practice?
Stegmayr B, Asplund K, Hulter-Asberg K, Norrving B, Peltonen M, Terent A, Wester PO. Riks-Stroke Collaboration.
Stroke.1999 Apr;30(4):709-14.

Plasma leptin levels are associated with abnormal fibrinolysis in men and postmenopausal women.
Soderberg S, Olsson T, Eliasson M, Johnson O, Ahren B.
J Intern Med. 1999 May;245(5):533-43.

Leptin is a risk marker for first-ever hemorrhagic stroke in a population-based cohort.
Soderberg S, Ahren B, Stegmayr B, Johnson O, Wiklund PG, Weinehall L, Hallmans G, Olsson T.
Stroke. 1999 Feb;30(2):328-37.

Leptin is associated with increased risk of myocardial infarction.
Soderberg S, Ahren B, Jansson JH, Johnson O, Hallmans G, Asplund K, Olsson T.
J Intern Med. 1999 Oct;246(4):409-18.

Coronary risk factors, diet and vitamins as possible explanatory factors of the Swedish north-south gradient in coronary disease: a comparison between two MONICA centres.
Rosengren A, Stegmayr B, Johansson I, Huhtasaari F, Wilhelmsen L.
J Intern Med. 1999 Dec;246(6):577-86.

Ischemic stroke. Impact of a recent myocardial infarction.
Mooe T, Olofsson BO, Stegmayr B, Eriksson P.
Stroke. 1999 May;30(5):997-1001.

Waist and hip circumferences, and waist-hip ratio in 19 populations of the WHO MONICA Project.
Molarius A, Seidell JC, Sans S, Tuomilehto J, Kuulasmaa K.
Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord.1999 Feb;23(2):116-25.

Varying sensitivity of waist action levels to identify subjects with overweight or obesity in 19 populations of the WHO MONICA Project.
Molarius A, Seidell JC, Sans S, Tuomilehto J, Kuulasmaa K.
J Clin Epidemiol. 1999 Dec;52(12):1213-24.

Low serum insulin in traditional Pacific Islanders--the Kitava Study.
Lindeberg S, Eliasson M, Lindahl B, Ahren B.
Metabolism. 1999 Oct;48(10):1216-9.

High proinsulin concentration precedes acute myocardial infarction in a nondiabetic population.
Lindahl B, Dinesen B, Eliasson M, Roder M, Jansson JH, Huhtasaari F, Hallmans G.
Metabolism. 1999 Sep;48(9):1197-202.

Smokeless tobacco as a possible risk factor for myocardial infarction: a population-based study in middle-aged men.
Huhtasaari F, Lundberg V, Eliasson M, Janlert U, Asplund K.
J Am Coll Cardiol. 1999 Nov 15;34(6):1784-90.

Declining prevalence of angina pectoris in middle-aged men and women. A population-based study within the Northern Sweden MONICA Project.
Multinational Monitoring of Trends and Cardiovascular Disease.
Glader EL, Stegmayr B.
J Intern Med. 1999 Sep;246(3):285-91.

Chlamydia pneumoniae antibodies and high lipoprotein(a) levels do not predict ischemic cerebral infarctions.
Results from a nested case-control study in Northern Sweden.
Glader CA, Stegmayr B, Boman J, Stenlund H, Weinehall L, Hallmans G, Dahlen GH.
Stroke. 1999 Oct;30(10):2013-8.

Autoantibodies against oxidatively modified LDL do not constitute a risk factor for stroke: a nested case-control study.
Ahmed E, Trifunovic J, Stegmayr B, Hallmans G, Lefvert AK.
Stroke. 1999 Dec;30(12):2541-6.

Smokeless tobacco as a possible risk factor for myocardial infarction: a population-based study in middle-aged men.
Huhtasaari F, Lundberg V, Eliasson M, Janlert U, Asplund K.
J Am Coll Cardiol. 1999 Nov 15;34(6):1784-90.

Low serum insulin in traditional Pacific Islanders--the Kitava Study.
Lindeberg S, Eliasson M, Lindahl B, Ahrén B.
Metabolism. 1999 Oct;48(10):1216-9.

1998

Perceived health modifies the effect of biomedical risk factors in the prediction of acute myocardial infarction. An incident case-control study from northern Sweden.
Weinehall L, Johnson O, Jansson JH, Boman K, Huhtasaari F, Hallmans G, Dahlen GH, Wall S.
J Intern Med. 1998 Feb;243(2):99-107.

Public health work needs new evaluation models. Primary care projects are more effective than large scale campaigns.
Weinehall L, Janlert U, Asplund K, Wall S.
Läkartidningen. 1998 Sep 2;95(36):3812-6.

High plasminogen activator inhibitor and tissue plasminogen activator levels in plasma precede a first acute myocardial infarction in both men and women: evidence for the fibrinolytic system as an independent primary risk factor.
Thogersen AM, Jansson JH, Boman K, Nilsson TK, Weinehall L, Huhtasaari F, Hallmans G.
Circulation. 1998 Nov 24;98(21):2241-7.

Time trends in long-term survival after stroke: the Northern Sweden Multinational Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease (MONICA) study, 1985-1994.
Peltonen M, Stegmayr B, Asplund K.
Stroke. 1998 Jul;29(7):1358-65.

Secular trends in social patterning of cardiovascular risk factor levels in Sweden. The Northern Sweden MONICA Study 1986-1994. Multinational Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease.
Peltonen M, Huhtasaari F, Stegmayr B, Lundberg V, Asplund K.
J Intern Med. 1998 Jul;244(1):1-9.

Changes in cigarette smoking among adults in 35 populations in the mid-1980s. WHO MONICA Project.
Dobson AJ, Kuulasmaa K, Moltchanov V, Evans A, Fortmann SP, Jamrozik K, Sans S, Tuomilehto J.
Tob Control. 1998 Spring;7(1):14-21.

Changes in estimated coronary risk in the 1980s: data from 38 populations in the WHO MONICA Project. World Health Organization.
Monitoring trends and determinants in cardiovascular diseases.
Dobson AJ, Evans A, Ferrario M, Kuulasmaa KA, Moltchanov VA, Sans S, Tunstall-Pedoe H, Tuomilehto JO, Wedel H, Yarnell J.
Ann Med. 1998 Apr;30(2):199-205.

Lipoprotein(a) and cholesterol levels act synergistically and apolipoprotein A-I is protective for the incidence of primary acute myocardial infarction in middle-aged males.
An incident case-control study from Sweden.
Dahlen GH, Weinehall L, Stenlund H, Jansson JH, Hallmans G, Huhtasaari F, Wall S.
J Intern Med. 1998 Nov;244(5):425-30.