Welcome to a seminar with Gianna Maria Eick, who will present an ongoing project titled:
Migration levels, welfare support and inequality perceptions: Evidence from administrative districts in Germany
Gianna Maria Eick is a Post-doc at the Comparative Political Economy working group of Prof. Dr. Marius Busemeyer works, at the University of Konstanz in Germany. She works in the Horizon 2020 project “The Future of European Social Citizenship”, where she examines public opinion on alternative political measures to strengthen European social citizenship. She also offers courses in the Department of Politics and Public Administration. Her research interests include the relationship between migration and the welfare state, in particular welfare nationalism, micro-meso-macro links to individual political attitudes and comparative social policy in general.
Abstract Previous comparative studies have put considerable effort into understanding the relationship between migration levels and native populations' level of welfare support. While studies yield little evidence that migration levels at the country-level reduce welfare support, studies that measured migration levels at the regional-level show that these are likely to reduce welfare support. The first aim of this study is to include an even lower geographical unit where exposure to migrants is inevitable: administrative districts. Does the negative effect of migration levels on welfare support appear in such districts? And if so, does it decrease in larger regional units? The second aim of this study is to understand these patterns further and to examine the missing link between migration levels and welfare support: inequality perceptions. Do individuals that perceive inequality become more supportive of the welfare state? And if so, are the effects larger where native populations benefit more from the welfare state? To answer these questions, we conduct multilevel analyses using the newly compiled data set "The Inequality Barometer" that includes a combination of individual-, district- and regional-level data in Germany (16 federal states, 278 administrative districts, 6,208 individuals). The results reveal insights into the importance of opportunity-providing policies in society and into the electoral successes of radical right parties, particularly in times of increasing economic disparity.
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