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The role of living conditions on health and longevity:

A longitudinal analysis of children who grew up in Northern Sweden during the 1920s and 1930s

Research project The aim of the project is to study the importance of living conditions in childhood for well-being and longevity in adulthood. Can improved and more equal living conditions in adulthood mediate any disadvantages caused by poor living conditions in childhood? or do poor living conditions in childhood cause a cumulative disadvantage over the entire life cycle? Many of those affected by CVD mortality in the 1980s experienced poverty and malnutrition as children.

Due to a low standard of living in northern Sweden in the early 20th century a socio-medical survey was conducted among school children in the North 1929/30. During their lives the children came to experience an improved standard of living. Despite this, large geographical differences in mortality were noted in the 1980's in relation to other parts of Sweden. Early living conditions affect health later in life; however, it is more debated to what extent improved living conditions outweigh initial disadvantages.

Head of project

Liselotte Eriksson
Associate professor

Project overview

Project period:

2024-01-01 2027-01-01

Participating departments and units at Umeå University

Umeå Centre for Gender Studies

Research area

Demography, Economic history

External funding


External funding

Latest update: 2024-02-16