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Staff photo Peter Olsson

Peter Olsson

I do research using computer simulations about jamming - when a granular material changes from being in a loose liquid state to a solid "jamming" state.

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Affiliation
Associate professor at Department of Physics
Location
Fysikhuset, plan1, Linneaus väg 20, FA113 Umeå universitet, 901 87 Umeå

I am studying the jamming transition with computer simulations of idealized mathematical models. The concept of jamming - think traffic jam – is the slowing down of the dynamics as the density increases up to the jamming density, where motion is no longer possible. This transition may be thought of as a liquid to solid transition but it is unusual in the sense that the solid is as disordered as the liquid - an ordinary liquid-to-solid transition is from a disordered liquid to an ordered solid - and it is not so easy to see exactly what is going on in the transition.

To study this transition we are doing simulations in two, three, and four dimensions. For the two-dimensional case we are mostly using circular disks of two different sizes. The disks interact when they are in contact with a force that is proportional to the particle overlaps and the motion of a given particle is given by the total force on that particle due to all its contacting particles. The simulations are mostly done with 65 536 particles in long runs where the simulation cell is slowly sheared and a key quantity is the viscosity, which is the resistance against this shearing. As the solid phase is approached the viscosity increases rapidly and the value of the exponent that describes this increase, and its dependence of the dimensionality, is a highly disputed subject.

With non-circular particles there are even more phenomena since the particles will often need to rotate in order to fit in. The figure shows two configurations with ellipsoidal particles. One is a starting configuration and the second is the configuration after a ten percent shearing of the simulation cell.

Physical review. E, Vol. 102, (5)
Keta, Yann-Edwin; Olsson, Peter
Physical review. E, American Physical Society 2020, Vol. 102, (4)
Olsson, Peter; Teitel, S.
Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society 2019, Vol. 122, (18)
Marschall, Theodore; Keta, Yann-Edwin; Olsson, Peter; et al.
Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society 2019, Vol. 122, (10)
Olsson, Peter
Physical review. E, AMER PHYSICAL SOC 2017, Vol. 95, (5)
Vagberg, Daniel; Olsson, Peter; Teitel, S.
Physical review. E, American Physical Society 2017, Vol. 95, (1)
Vågberg, Daniel; Olsson, Peter; Teitel, S.
Physical Review E, Vol. 93, (4)
Olsson, Peter
Physical Review E, Vol. 93, (5)
Vågberg, Daniel; Olsson, Peter; Teitel, S.
Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, Vol. 91, (6)
Olsson, Peter
Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, American Physical Society 2015, Vol. 92, (5)
Wu, Yegang; Olsson, Peter; Teitel, S
Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, American physical society 2014, Vol. 89, (4) : 040301-
Varnik, Fathollah; Mandal, Suvendu; Chikkadi, Vijaykumar; et al.
Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society 2014, Vol. 113, (14)
Vågberg, Daniel; Olsson, Peter; S., Teitel
Physical Review Letters, Vol. 112, (20)
Vågberg, Daniel; Olsson, Peter; S., Teitel
Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, Vol. 89, (2) : 022201-
Vågberg, Daniel; Wu, Yegang; Olsson, Peter; et al.
Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, Vol. 88, (1) : 010301-
Olsson, Peter; Teitel, S
Physical Review Letters, Vol. 109, (10) : 108001-
Olsson, Peter; Teitel, S.
Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, American Physical Society 2011, Vol. 83 : 030302-
Olsson, Peter; Teitel, S
Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, American Physical Society 2011, Vol. 83, (3) : 031307-
Vågberg, Daniel; Olsson, Peter; Teitel, Stephen
Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, American Physical Society 2011, Vol. 83, (3) : 030303-
Vågberg, Daniel; Valdez-Balderas, Daniel; Moore, M. A.; et al.
Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics: Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics, The American Physical Society 2010, Vol. 82, (3) : 031303-
Olsson, Peter
Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics: Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics, The American Physical Society 2010, Vol. 81, (4) : 040301-
Olsson, Peter
Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, Vol. 79, (21) : 214503-
Olsson, Peter; Teitel, Stephen
Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society 2007, Vol. 98, (9)
Olsson, Peter
Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society 2007, Vol. 99, (17)
Olsson, Peter; Teitel, Stephen
Physical Review Letters, Vol. 97, (26) : 267002-
Ghosh, A.K.; Olsson, Peter; Teitel, S.
Physical Review Letters, Vol. 94, (21) : 219703-
Olsson, Peter; Teitel, S.
Physical Review B, Vol. 71, (10) : 104423-
Olsson, Peter; Teitel, S.
Umeå: Umeå universitet 1992
Olsson, Peter