The time for the seminars is Thursday at 13:00-14:00. The seminars will be online during spring 2021.
The spring seminar schedule is still in the planning stage. Soon, a more complete schedule of the spring's activities will be published.
April 16, 2021
Meeting with Population Europe representatives which will tell us more about their activities and explore the opportunity for us to collaborate.
The presentation will be about the work of Population Europe as a network of demographic research centres: the vision behind its work, structure and sources of financing, the concrete initiatives that Population Europe is currently involved, and how partners can use this infrastructure to spread the word about their research, job opportunities and events. The presentation will also include insights on the importance of thinking on research impact when applying for grants and how Population Europe can best support teams in applications.
All staff at CEDAR is welcome to attend the meeting.
March 25, 2021
Fredinah Namatovu, Umeå Universitet
Professional perspectives on providing services to women with disabilities exposed to intimate partner violence.
The aim of this study was to explore the experiences, perception, and attitudes of the service providers on way that existing intimate partner violence services are organised for people with disabilities.
Methods: In-depth interview were conducted with 19 professionals working in health care, social work, police, and women shelters to provide IPV-related services. A constructivist grounded theory approach that is based on the principles of symbolic interactionism was used with the purpose of explaining how IPV services are organised for people with disabilities in Sweden.
Results: Establishing a “cobweb system of IPV service provision was identified by the service providers as a preferred approach for providing service to women with disabilities. This approach involved multisectoral collaboration, steered by a coordinator described as a “spider in the net”. The providers further described intimate partner violence services for women with disabilities to be organised in four overarching actions described as pathways; screening and identification; protection and care; and empowerment and independence.
Conclusion: Providing adequate IPV services to people with disabilities require active collaboration steered by a coordinator because women with disabilities face several disability related barriers that made it difficult for them to access the service systems on their own.
March 4, 2021
Lena Karlsson, Umeå University, Barbara Schumann, Umeå University, Erling Lundevaller, Umeå University, Johan Junkka, Umeå University
Geographic differentials in stillbirths, northern Sweden 1900-1950.
In 1930 the copper smelter Rönnskär opened up, at the same time stillborn rates rose rapidly in the Skellefteå region. Did the opening of the smelter plant cause this rise in stillborns? Exposure to metal pollutants such as copper, arsenic, zinc and lead from the smelter has shown to affect the health of the workers and their offspring. The same pollutant can increase stillborn risks. In this study we analysed geographical patterns in stillborn rate in the Västerbotten, using longitudinal micro-data, on a fine-grained geographical scale. We test whether stillborn risks were higher in the area surrounding the smelter before and after 1930 using logistic regression. We further tested whether the stillborn rates were, overall, spatially dependent or clustered. Finally, we modelled the geographical patterns using Bayesian spatial models. Although we found strong spatial auto-correlations and clusters before 1930, we did not find that stillborn risks were clustered in the area surrounding the smelter after 1930. Stillborn rates increased in the whole Skellefteå region independently of the proximity to the Rönnskär smelter plant.
February 25, 2021
Lars Fredrik Andersson, Umeå University, Liselotte Eriksson, Umeå University, Josef Liljegren, Umeå University
Adverse selection in mutual benefit societies – an longitudinal approach.
Mutual benefit societies evolved as the major providers for illness, accident and burial insurance in the late 19th and early 20th century in the Western world. One of the major problems facing the insurers was the risk for adverse selection; that unhealthy individuals had more incentive then healthy to insure when priced for the average risk. By empirically examine if the longevity among insured in mutual benefit societies was different from uninsured, we seek to identify the presence of adverse section. We find no compelling evidence that unhealthy individuals was more likely to insure, or reasons to believe that adverse selection was behind the decline of mutual benefit societies in the twentieth century.