Den stående tiden för CEDAR:s seminarier är torsdagar klockan 13:00 till 14:00. Eventuella förändringar av dag eller tid anges här och i kalendariet.
Seminarierna hålls digitalt under våren 2021.
Vårens seminarieschema är fortfarande i planeringsstadiet. Inom kort kommer ett mer fullständigt schema med vårens verksamhet att publiceras.
27 maj Maria Wisselgren, Umeå universitet & Lotta Vikström, Umeå universitet
Titel Behind the numbers: Authorities’ approach to Measure Disability in Swedish Populations 1860-1930
Abstract This article investigates the main features of collecting disability statistics to the nationwide censuses in Sweden 1860 to 1930. During this period, the disability prevalence rose from four to 21 per thousand of the population. To understand this significant rise, the purpose of the study is to move behind the numbers to trace the Swedish authorities’ approach to measure disability in Swedish populations. We use qualitative methods to analyze authorities’ means of collecting, categorizing, and defining disability data, while quantitative methods help us estimate the prevalence by disability type and gender across the study period in urban and rural areas.
Our long-term findings shows that census takings shifted in Sweden, as well as the collection of disability statistics which resulted in an increasing disability prevalence in the population. The study has revealed that the intense increase illustrates a new approach to measure disability, containing new methods of collecting disability data using different kinds of sources, wider disability definitions as well as new disability categories. The temporal variations were influenced by the censuses becoming more scientific in their reporting and by societal concerns when the census was taken, as were the perceptions of what was viewed as (dis)abled or (un)healthy conditions valuable to report to Statistics Sweden.
16 april Meeting with Population Europe representatives which will tell us more about their activities and explore the opportunity for us to collaborate.
The presentation will be about the work of Population Europe as a network of demographic research centres: the vision behind its work, structure and sources of financing, the concrete initiatives that Population Europe is currently involved, and how partners can use this infrastructure to spread the word about their research, job opportunities and events. The presentation will also include insights on the importance of thinking on research impact when applying for grants and how Population Europe can best support teams in applications.
All staff at CEDAR is welcome to attend the meeting
25 mars Fredinah Namatovu, Umeå Universitet
Title Professional perspectives on providing services to women with disabilities exposed to intimate partner violence.
Abstract The aim of this study was to explore the experiences, perception, and attitudes of the service providers on way that existing intimate partner violence services are organised for people with disabilities.
Methods: In-depth interview were conducted with 19 professionals working in health care, social work, police, and women shelters to provide IPV-related services. A constructivist grounded theory approach that is based on the principles of symbolic interactionism was used with the purpose of explaining how IPV services are organised for people with disabilities in Sweden.
Results: Establishing a “cobweb system of IPV service provision was identified by the service providers as a preferred approach for providing service to women with disabilities. This approach involved multisectoral collaboration, steered by a coordinator described as a “spider in the net”. The providers further described intimate partner violence services for women with disabilities to be organised in four overarching actions described as pathways; screening and identification; protection and care; and empowerment and independence.
Conclusion: Providing adequate IPV services to people with disabilities require active collaboration steered by a coordinator because women with disabilities face several disability related barriers that made it difficult for them to access the service systems on their own.
4 mars Lena Karlsson, Umeå Universitet, Barbara Schumann, Umeå Universitet, Erling Lundevaller, Umeå Universitet, Johan Junkka, Umeå Universitet.
Title Geographic differentials in stillbirths, northern Sweden 1900-1950.
Abstract In 1930 the copper smelter Rönnskär opened up, at the same time stillborn rates rose rapidly in the Skellefteå region. Did the opening of the smelter plant cause this rise in stillborns? Exposure to metal pollutants such as copper, arsenic, zinc and lead from the smelter has shown to affect the health of the workers and their offspring. The same pollutant can increase stillborn risks. In this study we analysed geographical patterns in stillborn rate in the Västerbotten, using longitudinal micro-data, on a fine-grained geographical scale. We test whether stillborn risks were higher in the area surrounding the smelter before and after 1930 using logistic regression. We further tested whether the stillborn rates were, overall, spatially dependent or clustered. Finally, we modelled the geographical patterns using Bayesian spatial models. Although we found strong spatial auto-correlations and clusters before 1930, we did not find that stillborn risks were clustered in the area surrounding the smelter after 1930. Stillborn rates increased in the whole Skellefteå region independently of the proximity to the Rönnskär smelter plant.
25 februari Lars Fredrik Andersson, Umeå Universitet, Liselotte Eriksson, Umeå Universitet, Josef Liljegren, Umeå Universitet.
Title Adverse selection in mutual benefit societies – an longitudinal approach.
Abstract Mutual benefit societies evolved as the major providers for illness, accident and burial insurance in the late 19th and early 20th century in the Western world. One of the major problems facing the insurers was the risk for adverse selection; that unhealthy individuals had more incentive then healthy to insure when priced for the average risk. By empirically examine if the longevity among insured in mutual benefit societies was different from uninsured, we seek to identify the presence of adverse section. We find no compelling evidence that unhealthy individuals was more likely to insure, or reasons to believe that adverse selection was behind the decline of mutual benefit societies in the twentieth century.