Advances in artificial intelligence (AI) have been met by rigorous analyses concerning their social and environmental impacts. However, AI ethics literature has curiously expended far less energy theorizing justice and interrogating its ontological boundaries. Meanwhile, environmental philosophy has taken justice seriously, although it has tended to focus exclusively on animals and nature. This chapter seeks to overcome the anthropocentric bias of AI ethics and the biocentric bias of environmental philosophy by developing an Anthropocene-informed theory of justice capable of accommodating technological beings. To accomplish this, I compare several theories of justice hospitable to non-humans—multispecies justice, planetary justice, and socio-ecological justice. After identifying optimal features drawn from these approaches, I devise a list of design principles and explain how they could be employed in the case of a personal delivery device. I conclude by calling for AI ethics to embrace complexity, interdisciplinarity, and epistemic humility in its pursuit of justice.
Joshua C. Gellers, PhD, is a professor in the Department of Political Science and Public Administration at the University of North Florida. He is also a research fellow of the Earth System Governance Project, expert with the Global AI Ethics Institute, and member of the IEEE working group on design-centered human-robot interaction and governance. Josh's research focuses on environmental governance, rights, and technology. He has published over two dozen articles or chapters, edited a special issue of Earth System Governance on AI and Digitalization, and written two books, The Global Emergence of Constitutional Environmental Rights (Routledge 2017) and Rights for Robots: Artificial Intelligence, Animal and Environmental Law (Routledge 2020). Josh holds a BA in political science from the University of Florida, MA in climate and society from Columbia University, and MA and PhD in political science from the University of California, Irvine.