Development of noise exposure and health over time in nearby residents at new traffic routes
When new road traffic routes are to be built, calculations are made of what future noise levels are likely to be for nearby residents. This is based on noise algorithms using the estimated number of cars per day and the distance to the residents. These calculations today have shortcomings when it comes to calculating the noise levels behind noise barriers, the silent side of houses, but also what the levels can be indoors.
The aim of the project is to study what impact new traffic routes have on human health in the immediate area from the noise that is introduced. Furthermore, we want to study how well noise calculation models predict noise levels at new traffic routes in order to improve them in the future, with a particular focus on indoor noise levels.
The aim of the project is to investigate whether newly built road infrastructure affects noise exposure and thus health aspects for nearby residents.
The health aspects that will be studied are perceived noise disturbance, sleep quality and general health of the nearby residents. In addition, we will also investigate which individual factors and environmental factors that may increase the risk of perceived noise disturbance.
Furthermore, the project will also study whether actual measurements of noise exposure differ from the noise maps that currently exist in Umeå municipality. Both outdoor and indoor noise measurements will be carried out.