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Staff photo Disa Helander

Disa Helander

I am a PhD student in gender studies. My research interests are borders, migration control, nation, body and family, as well as postcolonial, queer and feminist theory.

 

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Samhällsvetarhuset, Plan 4

My PhD-project is entitled Bordering through genetics: the use of DNA-analysis in family reunification and focuses on the use of DNA-tests in migration control in Sweden. When applying for family (re)unification, some applicants have to prove their relationships through DNA-analysis. This transforms ’family’ as to include only genetic parent-child relationships and couples who have children that are genetically related to both parties. This is a stark contrast to more varied delimitations of family in other contexts, not least in relation to queer family and kinship practices.

In my thesis, I analyse this limited and reduced doing of family as, on the one hand, shaped by racialised and sexualised constructions of family and nation, and on the other hand, as shaped by DNA-analyses being perceived as providing clear cut and reliable answers as to who is family. I explore the use of DNA-tests in migration control in Sweden through an ethnographic study consisting of interviews, observations and text material. The study involves civil servants at the Swedish Migration Agency, the Migration Courts, staff in laboratories analysing DNA, representatives from migrant rights organisations and lawyers, as well as people who have applied for family reunification.

My material shows that DNA-analyses come to function as the ’truth’ about family, despite a common understanding of family practices as considerably more complex and varied. Against this backdrop I draw on feminist science studies to explore the processes of analysing DNA in laboratories, raising issues such as how this knowledge comes to be constructed as certain. Further, as this knowledge moves from the laboratories to the migration authorities, I explore how it overrules other knowledges, discourses and constructions of family. In summary, I bring together queer kinship studies, feminist critical border studies, postcolonial theory and feminist science studies to argue – through the empirical example of the use of DNA-tests – that constructions and mobilisations of scientific knowledge, in combination with racialised and sexualised discourses, function to legitimise and naturalise migration control.

Fronesis, Malmö:: 2020, (66-67) : 163-176
Helander, Disa

I teach on several courses in gender studies at both undergraduate and advanced level, among others: Gender Studies A and B; Gender, Sex, Bodies; Feminist Theory and Intersectional Analysis; as well as Gender, Nation and Migration. I also supervise undergraduate dissertations.