Research project The general research question of the present programme can be stated as follows: Why have biofuels such as ethanol – despite knowledge, available resources and the many oil-crises in the past – never managed to replace oil as a fuel?
From this point of departure the purpose of the programme is to explore the historical, cultural and gendered dimensions of biofuel, and illuminating how historically resonant discourses of potential benefits and uses, threats and fears, have formed an integral part of the efforts to establish ethanol as a ”fuel of the future” in Sweden. The programme will accommodate three projects on ethanol production and debate (1) during the first half of the 20th century, (2) during the oil crisis of the 1970s, and (3) today as it is represented in the work of the regional organisation BioFuel Region. Parallel to these projects in history of technology, environmental history and science and technology studies, a media and communication study (4) of the representations of biofuels in Swedish mass media will highlight the role of public images in the current history of ethanol in Sweden. By studying both the hundred year old history of ethanol, and the complex situation and mediated discourse of ethanol today, the programme will provide theoretical and empirical knowledge of importance for the present biofuel enterprise and the work conducted by actors and institutions in order to reach a sustainable development.
Finansår , 2008, 2009, 2010
huvudman: Christer Nordlund, finansiar: Formas, y2008: 1900, y2009: 1900, y2010: 1900,