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Markus Naarttijärvi

My research revolves around constitutional rights and rule of law, in particular the intersection of technology, security and human rights.

Research qualifications: Docent


Works at

Professor at Department of Law
Samhällsvetarhuset, Plan 5, Umeå universitet Umeå universitet, 901 87 Umeå
Affiliated as professor at Centre for Transdiciplinary AI


My research revolves around constitutional rights and rule of law, in particular the intersection of technology, security and human rights.

Currently I am leading the cross-discplinary project "HYDE – Human agency and the rule of law in semi-automated decision-making systems", funded by the Swedish Research. In this project researchers from law and informatics will be analyzing the legal implications of semi-automated decision-making and the interaction between human and machine autonomy in contexts where human decisions are supported by AI or machine learning.

I am also part of the project "Cyborg Politics: A study of artificial agents in online democratic deliberation", analyzing political social bots on social media platforms. The project is funded under the Wallenberg WASP-HS programme.

My previous research has mainly focused on technology and policing.

In the project Police Work - Between Efficiency and the Rule of Law financed by the Swedish Foundation for Humanities and Social Sciences, we investigated how different understandings of what constitutes "effective police work" influence practical police work and how these understandings consequently interact and interfere with the preservation of Rule of Law values.

Between 2015 and 2018 I also ran the research project "Cyber-security from a cross-legal perspective", financed by the Ragnar Söderberg foundation. In this project I research the legal responsibilities and conditions for cyber-security in relation to antagonistic attacks against government information systems with a focus on protection of private data and accountability.

From january 2014 to june 2015 I was a part of the research project "The Crisis, the authorities and the law" financed by the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, where I primarily researched constitutional aspects of crisis management.

My doctoral thesis project, finished in 2013 looked at the balancing between privacy and security interests in regards to electronic intelligence gathering by the Swedish Security Service. I approached the area from a rule of law perspective with a special focus on constitutional proportionality theories and developments in technology, privacy and security concepts.


I teach constitutional law and human rights at the first semester of the law programme. I also teach jurisprudence and philosophy of law on semester 6 of the law programme. I am the programme coordinator for the master's programme in Constitutional Law and Human Rights. 


I am a senior editor of the Journal of Digital Social Research (JDSR).

I coordinate the focus area on Critical, Ethical, Legal, and Social perspectives on AI (CELS-AI) within the transdiciplinary AI research center TAIGA.

YSEC yearbook of socio-economic constitutions, Springer Nature 2024 : 331-357
Naarttijärvi, Markus
The Rule of Law and Automated Decision-Making: Exploring Fundamentals of Algorithmic Governance, Cham: Springer 2023 : 147-178
Enqvist, Lena; Naarttijärvi, Markus
The Rule of Law and Automated Decision-Making: Exploring Fundamentals of Algorithmic Governance, Springer 2023 : 15-31
Naarttijärvi, Markus
Handbook of critical studies of artificial intelligence, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing 2023 : 749-762
Naarttijärvi, Markus
Information & communications technology law, Taylor & Francis Group 2022, Vol. 31, (1) : 123-153
Enarsson, Therese; Enqvist, Lena; Naarttijärvi, Markus
Rättsstaten i den svenska förvaltningen: en forskningsantologi, Stockholm: Statskontoret 2022 : 217-249
Enqvist, Lena; Naarttijärvi, Markus
European Public Law, Kluwer Law International 2021, Vol. 27, (4) : 707-732
Enqvist, Lena; Naarttijärvi, Markus
Institutet för Rättsvetenskaplig Forskning, CCXI
Derlén, Mattias; Lindholm, Johan; Naarttijärvi, Markus
Vänbok till Ulf Israelsson, Umeå: Juridiska institutionen, Umeå universitet 2020 : 75-90
Enqvist, Lena; Naarttijärvi, Markus
Policing & society, Routledge 2020, Vol. 30, (9) : 1061-1080
Landström, Lena; Eklund, Niklas; Naarttijärvi, Markus
Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab, Kriminalistisk Institut 2020, (3) : 268-286
Landström, Lena; Naarttijärvi, Markus
Technology and Regulation, Technology and Regulation 2019 : 35-48
Naarttijärvi, Markus
Juridisk Tidskrift, Stockholm: Stockholms universitet 2019, (2) : 405-431
Naarttijärvi, Markus
Tidsskrift for rettsvitenskap, Vol. 131, (2–3) : 206-234
Naarttijärvi, Markus
The Computer Law and Security Review, Elsevier 2018, Vol. 34, (5) : 1019-1038
Naarttijärvi, Markus
Jubileumsskrift till Juridiska institutionen 40 år, Umeå: Juridiska institutionen, Umeå universitet 2017 : 245-259
Naarttijärvi, Markus
Institutet För Rättsvetenskaplig Forskning, 211
Derlén, Mattias; Lindholm, Johan; Markus, Naarttijärvi
International Review of Victimology, Vol. 22, (2) : 123-138
Enarsson, Therese; Naarttijärvi, Markus
Computer Law & Security Review, Vol. 32, (6) : 852-867
Naarttijärvi, Markus
Övervakning och integritet: teknik, skydd och aktörer i det nya kontrollandskapet, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag 2016 : 55-87
Naarttijärvi, Markus
Polisutbildningens skriftserie, 5
Saati, Abrak; Wimelius, Malin E; Naarttijärvi, Markus
Europarättslig tidskrift, (3) : 556-576
Enarsson, Therese; Naarttijärvi, Markus
Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB 2015
Naarttijärvi, Markus; Bergling, Per; Wimelius, Malin E.; et al.
Skrifter från Juridiska institutionen vid Umeå universitet, 29
Naarttijärvi, Markus
Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, (1) : 62-65
Lindholm, Johan; Naarttijärvi, Markus
Förrättsligande: Rapport från 2011 års forskningsinternat, Umeå: 2011 : 87-100
Naarttijärvi, Markus
Retfærd: Nordisk Juridisk Tidsskrift, Köpenhamn: Jurist- og Økonomforbundets Forlag 2010, Vol. 33, (4) : 77-100
Lindholm, Johan; Naarttijärvi, Markus