Gender Effects in Attitudes toward Migrants in Korea: Results from Three Korean National Surveys
Välkommen till ett seminarium med Naeyun Lee, lecturer at Underwood International College, Yonsei University.
Abstract Much of the literature on gender differences in racial attitudes draw from earlier studies in the U.S. which have shown that women are less likely to exhibit racial prejudice than men. Contrary to the findings in the U.S., previous studies based on Korean survey data have revealed that Korean adult women are more likely to show negative attitudes toward migrants and refugees and more likely to view migrants as social threats (e.g., immigrants increase crime rates). By comparing various national survey data on attitudes toward migrants, this study aims to ascertain whether gender effect exists in multicultural and racial attitudes in South Korea (hereafter Korea). First, I compare gender effects in racial attitudes across different survey data sets between years 2003 and 2021. Second, I investigate whether the positive effect of being female on anti-immigrant attitudes persist after controlling for educational attainment, household income, marital status, age, town size, religious and political affiliations. Finally, I suggest alternative approaches to fill the gap in the literature and explain the multifaceted relationship between gender and racial attitudes in Korea.