This course focuses on different historical examples of political violence both from "below" and "above" such as popular risings and revolutions, terrorism, acts of genocide and state-sanctioned terror directed towards the state's own citizens. Political violence in terms of regular warfare between states will not be included in the course other than in passing for contextual reasons. Within the course, political/ideological as well as social, religious, philosophical/ethical and other relevant causes and justifications for political violence will be discussed and analysed, as well as the relevance of these historical examples for the understanding of contemporary developments.
The course requires access to a computer with internet connection, as well as a webcam and a headset which can be connected to the computer.
University: 90 ECTS credits in history or history of science and ideas, or a Degree encompassing at least 180 ECTS credits, or similar. English A/6. Where the language of instruction is Swedish, applicants must prove proficiency in Swedish to the level required for basic eligibility for higher studies.