Forest based biofuels for Sustainable Arctic Marine Shipping
Arctic is one of the global regions most affected by environmental changes. Dalia Abdelfattah, a postdoc at Sustainable Resources and Innovation Platform, Department of Chemistry, Umea University and one of Arcum’s affiliates, was recently granted a three years project funding by FORMAS 2020 calls for addressing the potential aspects of Arctic sustainability via biofuels utilization. Abdelfattah has presented the idea of this project first time at Arcum's first livestreamed Arctic seminar
The project deals with two problems:
Utilization of fossil fuels in marine shipping transportation in Arctic region generates large amounts of air emissions (CO2, SOx, NOx, Black carbon, PAHs…) which impacts both the aquatic and human life in Arctic.
The pulp and paper industry in Sweden generation large amounts of waste streams that is incinerated or sent to be used as landfill cover.
Both incineration and landfill have undesired impacts on the environment and human health.
Image Annie Spratt
Usage of biofuels instead of fossil fuels for marine shipping can be the solution to these problems. The study will investigate, how the use of different waste stream from the Swedish pulp and paper industry for biofuel production for marine shipping in Arctic region impacts the environment, local society and economy. The project will be conducted by Dr Abdelfattah a young leading researcher in “System analysis thinking for Arctic sustainability”, in collaboration with EcoBioFuel Co. for a Swedish company specialized in biofuel production and Prof. Sköld from Várdduo-Center for Sami Research, director of Arctic Center at Umeå University (Arcum), a leading expert in Arctic social studies, climate change and health care in North Sweden.
Project results will provide support to both policy makers in Sweden and decision makers in the shipping sector to adopt strategies that assist in achieving Arctic sustainability and improve both the aquatic and human life in Arctic local communities.