Research project Public health policies try to achieve two overall goals: a good overall health in the population, but also an equal distribution of health. When it comes to overall health, cardiovascular disease (CVD), the persisting leading cause of death in Sweden, has decreased during last decades. However, this promising development has not been matched by a similar improvement when it comes to reducing the socioeconomic inequalities. Consequently, the challenge is to identify which circumstances create both poor health and health inequalities, as well as to identify common risks factors that would be the most relevant targets for society to address.
Life expectancy has increased in Sweden during the last decades, owing first and foremost to reductions in cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality -the persisting leading cause of death in Sweden, as well as in most regions around the world-. However, this promising development has not been matched by corresponding improvements in health equity in Sweden –health inequalities deemed unfair and avoidable, such as between socioeconomic groups. There is therefore a need to create a knowledge basis for public health encompassing both improved overall population health and an equitable distribution of health. In approaching this topic from a life course perspective, this project aims to examine the life-course determinants of not only cardiovascular health, but also of socioeconomic inequity in cardiovascular health. The project will take advantage of the longitudinal data in the Västerbotten Intervention Programme (VIP) linked to the SIMSAM Lab, and will examine individual and contextual social determinants from childhood to adulthood, of both cardiovascular health and socioeconomic inequity in health in middle-age. The applicant will employ advanced statistical methods including multilevel modelling and decomposition analysis to address the aims. The results of this FIIP are expected to be beneficial for the public health research, by its focus on the understudied topic of determinants of health inequities, of life course determinants of health, and a novel integration of these approaches. Due to the project’s inclusive focus on determinants of health and of health equity, the results is expected to be valuable for the so far unsuccessful public health goal of achieving a good population health as well as an equitable distribution of health.
Finansår , 2014, 2015, 2016
huvudman: Paola Mosquera Méndez, finansiar: COFAS Marie Curie Fellowship, y2014: 2725, y2015: , y2016: ,
huvudman: Paola Mosquera Méndez, finansiar: FORTE, y2014: , y2015: 995, y2016: 995,