Research project Over the past two decades, Sweden has seen a number of healthcare reforms and an increased influence of private healthcare providers and market-orientation, especially within primary healthcare.
Most recently, in 2010, the free choice within primary healthcare reform was implemented. The actual gains of the reform in terms of healthcare performance are debated, and concerns have been raised about reduced continuity, increased fragmentation and wider inequalities of services. Nevertheless, the public health effects of the reform, particularly on population health and health inequalities, are not known. To provide evidence of the public health consequences of the free choice reform, this project aims to evaluate the effects of the reform on population health as well as on socioeconomic inequalities in health.