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Integration or segmentation? Immigrants' employment in Sweden from a gender perspective

Research project Understanding the interplay between gender and ethnicity in the Swedish institutional context is relevant from both a societal and scientific perspective. With a new focus on long-term processes in labour market attachment and mobility and an in-depth examination of individual- and societal-level mechanisms including the work-family interplay, the project further informs research on labour market integration.

The aim of the project is to study how gender and ethnicity interact in the long-term process of labour market integration of immigrants in Sweden. Using longitudinal yearly register data from Stativ and linked databases (1997- ) and Swedish level of living surveys for of 2010 (LNU, LNU-UFB), we study integration in two dimensions: labour market attachment and mobility. Gender/ethnicity patterns are examined both within the immigrant group and in comparison with the native-born Swedish population.

Head of project

Anne Grönlund
Professor, other position
E-mail
Email

Project overview

Project period

2017-12-01 2020-11-30

Funding

Forte

Research subject

Sociology

Project description

In Part 1 we focus on the stability of labour market attachment at different ages and study the impact of education, parenthood/family and time in Sweden. Further, we explore interactions between individual and context, with a focus on gender norms in the country of origin as well as occupational/local labour market conditions in Sweden.

In Part 2 we focus on mobility in terms of occupational and job skill levels. We study changes in occupational prestige, the match between the individual’s education and the educational requirements of the job (in particular over-education) as well as access to authority positions. As in Part 1, we examine the impact of education, parenthood/family and country/region of origin.

Understanding the interplay between gender and ethnicity in the Swedish institutional context is relevant from both a societal and scientific perspective. The project bridges two fields of research: integration research, where gender patterns have not been systematically analyzed in survey- and register-based studies, and research on labour market gender inequalities, where ethnicity has played an inferior role in Swedish quantitative research. With a new focus on long-term processes in labour market attachment and mobility and an in-depth examination of individual- and societal-level mechanisms including the work-family interplay, the project further informs research on labour market integration.