Injuries among old people and children in public outdoor environment in relation to primay preventive strategies and sense-making of risk
The aim of this study is to investigate the injury panorama of old people and children in public outdoor environment and to explore descriptions of causes to the injury and suggestions of preventive strategies. Sense-making of risk and the safety awareaness will be described in relation to society preventive safety work.
Unintentional injuries are a large health problem for old people and children. Previous studies have mostly focused on indoor injuries and preventive actions. Injuries and preventive actions in outdoor environment, except for traffic milieu are not as well expounded, which is remarkable though a large number of children are injured on playgrounds and schoolyards and a lot of old people are injured as cyclists or pedestrians. These injuries might cause long lasting and costly consequences in terms of suffering to individuals and costs for the medical sector.
The thesis will include several studies. Injury panorama in children and old people will be examined and described by descriptive statistics throughout the injury database at the University Hospital of Umeå where all injuries admitted to emergency department are registered. Human factors, products, environment and individual proposals for preventive strategies will be analyzed through surveys and follow-up interviews through content analysis. Sensmaking of risk and safety awareness in relation to injuries in outdoor environment will be discussed in different groups (children, elderly, parents, preschool teachers, politicians, district nurses and others) and further described in relation to society safety work.