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MOBILISING THE RURAL: POST-PRODUCTIVISM AND THE NEW ECONOMY

Research project In Sweden the vast majority lives in cities. Paradoxically, the supply of nature based goods and services has never been higher than today in rural and sparsely populated areas due to urban demand. The aim of this project is to analyze how these processes affects rural development in terms of employment and entrepreneurship, the labor market and the landscape through its place-based resources.

Despite popular imaginations, the consumption and provision of rural products and services has increased and the demands on these are mainly coming from urban areas. The landscape that formerly was a production landscape has become viewed as a landscape for consumption and recreation. This change stimulate temporary mobility and migration in some locations. The aim of this research is to analyse how this process affects rural development in terms of employment and entrepreneurship, the labour market and the landscape through its local resources. This will allow the inclusion of national and international mobile populations. This brings a better understanding of supply of skilled labour and competences to and between firms in rural areas and it reveals how rural communities gain or lose from these mobility and migration flows, and it highlights the struggle over resources at geographically specific places.

Head of project

Linda Lundmark
Associate professor
E-mail
Email

Project overview

Project period:

Start date: 2012-07-01

Funding

Formas grant Research leaders of the future in the area Rural Development

Total; 15 000 000 SEK

Linda Lundmark

Participating departments and units at Umeå University

Department of Geography, Faculty of Social Sciences

Research subject

Human geography

Project description

Background – urbanization and globalization

During the past decennium urbanization is a process that has created new conditions in cities and in rural areas alike. These changes are not only visible in the increasing difficulties faced by the rural populations in terms of services and jobs or in the cities in terms of housing, long commuting distances and crowding. It is also visible in mobility patterns, employment opportunities and labor markets. The changed population patterns and the effects of globalization on the rural areas have economic and social as well as cultural effects but also the changing mobilities in relation to rural areas are important in the process.

Background - restructuring

Restructuring is another process connected to economic transformation in which change from one sector to another is dominant and has caused a situation where employment is affected by the shift from goods production to service provision, and lately also into the new knowledge economy. This process is geographically uneven, depending on the contextuality of the location and the relation to main markets for example. Reduction of certain segments of the workforce and inhabitants in terms of age and education has a negative impact on the conditions for economic activities, the balance between supply and demand in the local labour market and the quality of welfare services.

Aim of research

The aim of this research is to analyze how this process affects rural development in terms of employment and entrepreneurship, the labor market and the landscape through its place-based resources. This is achieved by using the post-productivism (PP) framework for conceptualizing, explaining and giving points of departure for the research of the processes and dynamics between rural populations and resources and the dominating urban areas from where the major demand comes.

 

Post-productivism as theoretical framework

The PP framework allows the inclusion of national and international mobile populations. This brings a better understanding of supply of skilled labor and competences to and between firms in rural areas and it reveals how rural communities gain or lose from these mobility and migration flows, and it highlights the struggle over resources at geographically specific places. Furthermore, the research identifies vulnerabilities and options not only for rural development, but also allows for the integration of rural areas into wider discussions of the problems faced by sparsely populated nations like Sweden.

 

Selected Publications

Almstedt, Å., Lundmark, L. and Pettersson, Ö., 2016. Public spending on rural tourism in Sweden. FENNIA 194(1), pp. 18-31. DOI: 10.11143/46265

 

Almstedt, Å., Brouder, P., Karlsson, S. & Lundmark, L. 2014. Beyond post-productivism: from rural policy discourse to rural diversity. European Countryside 4, 297-306

Brouder, P., Karlsson, S. and Lundmark, L., 2015. Hyper-production: A new metric of multifunctionality. European Countryside 3 (2015), pp. 134-143. DOI: 10.1515/euco-2015-0009

Carson, D., Carson D.B. and Lundmark, L. (eds) 2016. Tourism, mobilities and development in sparsely populated areas. Milton Park: Routledge, 134 pp. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism: 14(4), 2014

Carson, D.A., & Carson, D.B., 2018. International lifestyle immigrants and their contributions to rural tourism innovation: experiences from Sweden’s Far North. Journal of Rural Studies, 64, 230-240. 

Carson, D.A., Carson, D.B., & Lundmark, L., 2014. Tourism and Mobilities in Sparsely Populated Areas: Towards a framework and research agenda. Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality & Tourism, 14(4), 353-366.

Eimermann, M., Karlsson, S., 2018. Globalising Swedish countrysides? A relational approach to rural immigrant restaurateurs with refugee backgrounds, Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift - Norwegian Journal of Geography, 72(2), 82-96. 

Eimermann, M., Agnidakis, P., Åkerlund, U. and Woube, A., 2017. Rural place marketing and consumption-driven mobilities in Northern Sweden: Challenges and Opportunities for Community Sustainability. The Journal of Rural and Community Development, 12(2/3), 114-126. 

Hedlund, M., 2014. Mapping the socioeconomic landscape of rural Sweden: towards a typology of rural areas, Regional Studies, 2014. 

Hedlund, M., 2017. Growth and decline in rural Sweden. Geographical distribution of employment and population 1960-2010. Doctoral dissertation

Hedlund, M., Lundholm, E., (2015) Restructuring of rural Sweden Employment transition and outmigration of three cohorts born 1945-1980, Journal of Rural Studies 42 (2015) 123-132

Hedlund, M., Lundmark, L. & Stjernström, O. 2017. Rural restructuring and gendered micro-dynamics of the agricultural labour market. Fennia 195: 1, 25–35. ISSN 1798-5617.

Keskitalo, E. C.H., Karlsson, S., Lindgren, U., Pettersson, Ö., Lundmark, L., Slee, B., Villa, M., Feliciano, D. 2017. Rural-Urban Policies: Changing Conceptions of the Human-Environment Relationship In Globalisation and change in forest ownership and forest use. Natural resource management in transition, pp. 183-224. Palgrave MacMillan

2019
Impacts of Climate Change on Second Home Property Values in the Swedish Mountain  The 8th Nordic Geographers Meeting, June 16-19, 2019, Trondheim, Norway 
Demiroglu, O. Cenk; Lundmark, Linda; Müller, Dieter K.; et al.

2019
Development of downhill skiing tourism in Sweden: past, present, and future Winter tourism: trends and challenges, CABI Publishing 2019 : 305-323
Demiroglu, O. Cenk; Lundmark, Linda; Strömgren, Magnus

2019
The last resort?: Ski tourism and climate change in Arctic Sweden
Journal of Tourism Futures
Demiroglu, Osman Cenk; Lundmark, Linda; Saarinen, Jarkko; et al.

2018
Climate change acknowledgement and responses of summer (glacier) ski visitors in Norway, Scandinavian Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, Taylor & Francis Group 2018, Vol. 18, (4) : 419-438
Demiroglu, O. Cenk; Dannevig, Halvor; Aall, Carlo

2018
Climate Change and Tourism: An Extended Framework
2. International Sustainable Tourism Congress, 2018
Demiroglu, O. Cenk; Ülgen, İ. Gökalp

2018
Microclimatic volatility and elasticity of glacier skiing demand
Sustainability, MDPI 2018, Vol. 10, (10)
Mayer, Marius; Demiroglu, O. Cenk; Ozcelebi, Oguzhan

Abegg, B., Morin, S., Demiroglu, O.C. et al. Overloaded! Critical revision and a new conceptual approach for snow indicators in ski tourism. Int J Biometeorol (2020).