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What predicts depression in adolescents?

Research project UPOP is a project that aims to investigate predictors of depression and to develop modern reliable and valid tests for depression, suicidality and the opposite of depression: compassion.

Mental illness such as depression, has increased in adolescents in Sweden and around the world, especially young girls are severely affected. Gender, relationships in family, with peers, and at internet (e.g. sexual online harassment) can influence mental state. Psychological problems can lead to school problems, social disabilities and more. The project aims to investigate predictors of depression and to develop modern reliable and valid tests for depression, suicidality and the opposite of depression: compassion. Knowledge can lead to actions.

Head of project

Inga Dennhag
Associate professor, combined with clinical employment
E-mail
Email

Project overview

Project period:

2018-01-01 2023-12-31

Participating departments and units at Umeå University

Department of Clinical Sciences

Research area

Clinical medicine, Neurosciences, Public health and health care science

External funding

Region Västerbotten

Project description


Internet has changed society and adolescents become more vulnerable to sexual harassment and bullying online. How it affects adolescents mental health is uncertain. The aim of the project is to increase knowledge about online/off-line sexual harassment and mental illness, and to modernize assessment methods. We want to produce reliable and valid tests that measure depression, suicidality, and the opposite of depression such as self-compassion. Patient-Report Outcomes Measurement Information System, PROMIS, measures physical, mental and social health, and can be developed into short data-driven tests. Preliminary results indicate that gender is very important in online/offline sexual harassment and in depression. The new tests show excellent psychometric properties. In the future, short modern reliable computerized adaptive tests (CAT) will unburden care and help patients to find the right care.

External funding