The role that probability theory and statistical philosophy plays within scientific method is discussed in the beginning of the course with the aim of noting their role in various research strategies. Next part of the course primarily focuses on the understanding of statistical reasoning within data analysis. Lessons and seminars focus on interpretation of statistical results and scientific articles which include statistical analyses. In the end of the course the students work on a project in which they will independently analyze data with help of tutoring. The teaching is a combination of traditional teaching and blended-learning and consists of lectures, web lectures, lessons, seminars, computer exercises and problem solving tutorials.