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Yaowen Wu

Mitt labb är intresserad av att förstå den molekylära mekanismen för autofagi och membrantrafik som regleras av små GTPaser genom att utveckla nya kemiska och kemo-optogenetiska metoder.



Verksam vid

Professor vid Kemiska institutionen
KB.A4, Linnaeus väg 10, (rum: A4.35.07) Umeå universitet, 901 87 Umeå


The foundation of living systems is based on chemical reactions. They are spatiotemporally regulated in response to extra- or intracellular stimuli. Of importance to understand the mechanism of life is the ability to visualize and to perturb these reactions. Chemical tools provide unique means to emulate or modulate biological systems to either investigate the underlying biology or create new function.
In my laboratory, we run both biology-driven and chemistry-driven projects. In the former, we have defined biological questions, which are not readily solved by traditional biological methods. We tackle these problems using novel chemical approaches in combination with biochemical and cell biological methods. In the later, we develop novel chemical tools that can be widely used to investigate biology. These approaches make it possible to reveal new mechanism of biology. The research is funded by European Research Council (ERC), Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation and Swedish Research Council (VR).


Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved self-eating process in eukaryotes, mainly involved in elimination of damaged organelles and aggregated proteins. Malfunction of autophagy has been associated with diverse human diseases, including cancer, neurodegeneration, cardiac hypertrophy, and pathogen infection. Formation of double-membrane autophagosome is the key process in autophagy. The regulatory pathways of autophagy and the formation of autophagosome remain the most important questions for understanding autophagy.
Using a combination of cell biology, structural biology and chemical genetic approaches, we have elucidated fundamental mechanisms underlying autophagy. Our laboratory has elaborated a novel mode of action for virulent bacteria (Legionella, Vibrio cholerae) against host autophagy (eLife 2017, JCS 2021, JCB 2022). We have identified novel chemotypes for autophagy modulation and new cellular targets involved in new mechanism of autophagy regulation (Angew Chem 2017, Nat Chem Biol 2019, Autophagy 2021).

Membrane trafficking and small GPTases (G-proteins)

Due to the spatial segregation of intracellular organelles of eukaryotic cells a sophisticated system of vesicular transport is required to ensure the communication between different compartments. Rab GTPases function as key regulators of intracellular vesicular transport. With the help a complex network of Rab regulators and effectors, Rab GTPases regulate these processes through tightly controlled enzymatic GTPase cycle and spatial distribution in cells. We are interested in answering the question of how these complex biological reactions are coordinated and how the malfunction of these processes link to diseases. These questions have been assessed at both the molecular and the cellular level in a quantitative manner (Nat Chem Biol 2010, JACS 2012, PNAS 2014, PNAS 2016, Biochem 2019).

Protein chemical modification

Labeling proteins with synthetic probes, such as fluorophores, affinity tags, and other functional labels is enormously useful for characterizing protein function in vitro, in live cells, or in whole organisms. Chemical methods have substantially expanded the tools that are can be used to modify proteins. Our work has been focused on preparation of post-translationally modified proteins (ChemBioChem 2011, 2013, 2020, Bioorg Med Chem 2017). These semi-synthetic protein probes have been very useful in the investigation of protein functions in membrane trafficking and autophagy. We are interested in developing new methods for protein modification/labeling (Angew Chem 2011, JACS 2014, Chem Comm 2015, Angew Chem 2016, Chem Sci 2022). These methodologies have been valuable for visualizing biochemical reactions in living systems and proteomic studies. Such developments not only facilitate the study of the system we are interested but contribute new tools to the larger biological field.

Chemical and chemo-optogenetics

Genetic perturbations by gain or loss of gene function through overexpression, knock-out or knock-down approaches are powerful for biological studies. However, traditional genetic approaches are chronic (hours to days). Consequently, the phenotype may not be detected due to adaptation and the dynamics of phenotypic change cannot be followed. Chemical genetic approaches using small molecules are acute, reversible, conditional and tunable and have been very useful to dissect the complexity of biological regulatory networks. However, many of these compounds have additional off-target effects that may confound elucidation of biological systems in certain contexts. Our laboratory has developed the first bioorthogonal and reversible chemically induced dimerization (CID) system (SLF'-TMP system) for controlling protein function by small molecules in live cells (Angew Chem 2014). A photoactivatable CID (pCID) and photo-switchable CID system (psCID) using photo-caged dimerizer (NovcTMP-Cl) (Angew Chem 2017) and photo-switchable dimerizer (CONC) allow superior spatiotemporal control of protein function in live cells (Angew Chem 2018). We have developed novel "Molecular Activity Painting (MAP)" strategy by combining pCID with immobilized artificial receptors to enable "painting" of signaling molecules and their activity at micrometer-scale at the plasma membrane. Using photoactivatable dual-chemically induced dimerization (pdCID) system, we developed a Multi-directional Activity Control (MAC) approach to spatiotemporally control cellular signaling and intracellular cargo transport (Angew Chem 2018).

Biography of the PI

Yaowen Wu received his BS in Chemistry from Sun Yat-sen University in 2001 and his MS in Organic Chemistry from Tsinghua University in 2004 in China. After graduating as Dr rer. nat. (2008) at the Technische Universität Dortmund working at the Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology in Germany and a postdoctoral study in cell biology at King’s College London, he has been leader of an Otto Hahn group at the Max Planck Institute in Dortmund since 2010. Since 2012, he has been group leader of Chemical Genomics Centre of the Max Planck Society. He was then appointed as Professor in Biochemistry at the Umeå University in 2018. He has served as Director of Umeå Centre for Microbial Research (UCMR) since 2020. His research group develops small molecules and new chemical methods to modify proteins or manipulate protein function in the context of biological systems with a particular focus on regulatory mechanisms in membrane trafficking and autophagy. He has received awards and honors including Göran Gustafsson Prize in Molecular Biology, "Future of Biochemistry", Wallenberg Academy Fellow (Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences), European Research Council (ERC) grant, Behrens-Weise Award, Biomedicine Research Prize and Otto-Hahn Award.

Selected recent publications:

  1. Pantoom S, Konstantinidis G, Voss S, Han H, Hofnagel O, Li Z, Wu YW*. (2021) RAB33B recruits the ATG16L1 complex to the phagophore via a noncanonical RAB binding protein. Autophagy, 17(9):2290-2304.
  2. Laraia L, Friese A, Corkery DP, Konstantinidis G, Erwin N, Hofer W, Karatas H, Klewer L, Brockmeyer A, Metz M, Schölermann B, Dwivedi M, Li L, Rios-Munoz P, Köhn M, Winter R, Vetter IR, Ziegler S, Janning P, Wu YW*, Waldmann H*. (2019) The cholesterol transfer protein GRAMD1A regulates autophagosome biogenesis. Nat. Chem. Biol. 15(7):710-720. 
  3. Chen X, Venkatachalapathy M, Dehmelt L, Wu YW*. (2018) Multidirectional Activity Control of Cellular Processes by a Versatile Chemo-optogenetic Approach. Angew Chem Int Ed. 57(37):11993-11997. (Featured as Very Important Paper)
  4. Chen X, Wu YW*. (2018) Tunable and photoswitchable chemically induced dimerization for chemo-optogenetic control of protein and organelle positioning. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 57 (23): 6796-6799.
  5. Yang A, Pantoom S, Wu YW*. (2017) Elucidation of anti-autophagy mechanism of the Legionella effector RavZ using semisynthetic LC3 proteins. eLife. pii: e23905.
  6. Chen X, Venkatachalapathy M, Kamps D, Weigel S, Kumar R, Orlich M, Garrecht R, Hirtz M, Niemeyer CM, Wu YW*, Dehmelt L*. (2017) “Molecular Activity Painting”: Switch-like, light-controlled perturbations inside living cells. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 56 (21):5916-5920 (Hot paper, inside cover story)
  7. Voss S, Krüger DM, Koch O, Wu YW*. (2016) Spatiotemporal imaging of small GTPases activity in live cells. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 113 (50):14348-14353. 
  8. Liu P, Calderon A, Konstantinidis G, Hou J, Voss S, Chen X, Li F, Banerjee S, Hoffmann JE, Theiss C, Dehmelt L, Wu YW*. (2014) A bioorthogonal small-molecule switch system for controlling protein function in live cells. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 53 (38):10049-55. 
  9. Li F, Yi L, Zhao L, Itzen A, Goody RS, Wu YW*. (2014) The role of the hypervariable C-terminal domain in Rab membrane targeting. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 111 (7): 2572-7.  Recommended by Faculty1000
  10. Liu W, Li F, Chen X, Hou J, Yi L, Wu YW*. (2014) A rapid and fluorogenic TMP-AcBOPDIPY probe for covalent labeling of proteins in live cells. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136 (12): 4468-71.

Full list of publications

Press release

Feature article about Yaowen Wu

Gustafsson Prize, UmU

Snooker in the live cell

Molecular "paintbrush"

Legionella escape autophagy

Open positions
We are looking for highly motivated postdoctoral or doctoral fellows who have a background of cell biology, biochemistry, chemical biology and synthetic chemistry. Students are welcome to carry out their bachelor, master thesis in our lab.

Autophagy, Taylor & Francis 2024, Vol. 20, (2) : 443-444
Corkery, Dale P.; Wu, Yao-Wen
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 2024, Vol. 121, (17)
Knyazeva, Anastasia; Li, Shuang; Corkery, Dale P.; et al.
EMBO Reports, EMBO Press 2023, Vol. 24, (9)
Corkery, Dale; Castro-Gonzalez, Sergio; Knyazeva, Anastasia; et al.
Autophagy, Taylor & Francis 2023, Vol. 19, (6) : 1885-1886
Corkery, Dale P.; Wu, Yao-Wen
ChemBioChem, Wiley-VCH Verlagsgesellschaft 2023, Vol. 24, (24)
Corkery, Dale; Ursu, Andrei; Lucas, Belén; et al.
Nature Communications, Springer Nature 2023, Vol. 14, (1)
Nanda, Suchet; Calderon, Abram; Sachan, Arya; et al.
Nature Methods, Nature Publishing Group 2023, Vol. 20 : 357-358
Wu, Yao-Wen
Journal of Cell Biology, Rockefeller University Press 2022, Vol. 221, (12)
Jia, Xiaotong; Knyazeva, Anastasia; Zhang, Yu; et al.
ChemBioChem, John Wiley & Sons 2022, Vol. 23, (4)
Kowalczyk, Manuela; Kamps, Dominic; Wu, Yao-Wen; et al.
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Wiley-VCH Verlagsgesellschaft 2022, Vol. 61, (11)
Niggemeyer, Georg; Knyazeva, Anastasia; Gasper, Raphael; et al.
Chemical Science, Royal Society of Chemistry 2022, Vol. 13, (24) : 7240-7246
Xin, Xiaoyi; Zhang, Yu; Gaetani, Massimiliano; et al.
Cell Chemical Biology, Elsevier 2021, Vol. 28, (12) : 1750-1757.e5
Carnero Corrales, Marjorie A.; Zinken, Sarah; Konstantinidis, Georgios; et al.
Journal of Cell Science, The Company of Biologists 2021, Vol. 134, (5)
Corkery, Dale; Nadeem, Aftab; Aung, Kyaw Min; et al.
Autophagy, Taylor & Francis 2021, Vol. 17, (1) : 1-382
Corkery, Dale; Wu, Yao-Wen; Dowaidar, Moataz
Rab GTPases: methods and protocols, Humana Press 2021 : 105-115
Li, Fu; Wu, Yao-Wen
Autophagy, Taylor & Francis 2021, Vol. 17, (9) : 2290-2304
Pantoom, Supansa; Konstantinidis, Georgios; Voss, Stephanie; et al.
Ras Activity and Signaling: Methods and Protocols, Humana Press 2021 : 259-267
Wu, Yao-Wen
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Wiley-VCH Verlagsgesellschaft 2020, Vol. 59, (30)
Foley, Daniel J.; Zinken, Sarah; Corkery, Dale; et al.
Cell Reports, Cell Press 2020, Vol. 33, (9)
Kamps, Dominic; Koch, Johannes; Juma, Victor O.; et al.
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Wiley-VCH Verlagsgesellschaft 2020, Vol. 59 : 5721-5729
Laraia, Luca; Garivet, Guillaume; Foley, Daniel J.; et al.
Chemical Science, Royal Society of Chemistry 2020, Vol. 11, (3) : 826-832
Li, Fang-Yi; Zhang, Zhen-Feng; Voss, Stephanie; et al.
ChemBioChem, Wiley-VCH Verlagsgesellschaft 2020, Vol. 21, (23) : 3377-3382
Yang, Aimin; Pantoom, Supansa; Wu, Yao-Wen
Alex, Amal; Piano, Valentina; Polley, Soumitra; et al.
Proximity labeling: methods and protocols, New York: Humana Press 2019 : 191-202
Chen, Xi; Li, Fu; Wu, Yao-Wen
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, Vol. 27, (12) : 2444-2448
Kaiser, Nadine; Corkery, Dale; Wu, Yao-Wen; et al.
Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 25 : 12452-12463
Klewer, Laura; Wu, Yao-Wen
Autophagy in differentiation and tissue maintenance: methods and protocols, Humana Press 2019 : 187-195
Konstantinidis, Georgios; Sievers, Sonja; Wu, Yao-Wen
Nature Chemical Biology, Nature Publishing Group 2019, Vol. 15, (7) : 710-720
Laraia, Luca; Friese, Alexandra; Corkery, Dale; et al.
Biochemistry, American Chemical Society (ACS) 2019, Vol. 58, (4) : 276-285
Voss, Stephanie; Li, Fu; Raetz, Andreas; et al.
Virulence, Vol. 10, (1) : 352-362
Wu, Yao-Wen; Li, Fu
Autophagy, Taylor & Francis Group 2019, Vol. 15, (12) : 2167-2168
Wu, Yao-Wen; Waldmann, Herbert
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Wiley-VCH Verlagsgesellschaft 2018, Vol. 57, (37) : 11993-11997
Chen, Xi; Venkatachalapathy, Muthukumaran; Dehmelt, Leif; et al.
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, John Wiley & Sons 2018, Vol. 57, (23) : 6796-6799
Chen, Xi; Wu, Yao-Wen
Chemical Science, Royal Society of Chemistry 2018, Vol. 9, (11) : 3014-3022
Robke, Lucas; Futamura, Yushi; Konstantinidis, Georgios; et al.
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 56, (21) : 5916-5920
Chen, Xi; Venkatachalapathy, Muthukumaran; Kamps, Dominic; et al.
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 56, (8) : 2145-2150
Laraia, Luca; Ohsawaa, Kosuke; Konstantinidis, Georgios; et al.
Autophagy, Taylor & Francis Group 2017, Vol. 13, (8) : 1467-1469
Pantoom, Supansa; Yang, Aimin; Wu, Yao-Wen
Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 56, (28) : 8153-8157
Robke, Lucas; Laraia, Luca; Corrales, Marjorie A. Carnero; et al.
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, Elsevier 2017, Vol. 25, (18) : 4971-4976
Yang, Aimin; Hacheney, Inken; Wu, Yao-Wen


Yaowen Wu Lab